battle of the trench significance & lessons | Top Quran Classes

battle of the trench

Battle of the trench (also called the Battle of Al-Ahzab) was a battle that took place in the month of Shawwal of the fifth year of migration (corresponding to March 627 AD) between Muslims led by the Prophet Muhammad, and the parties who are a group of different Arab tribes that gathered to invade Medina and eliminate Muslims and the Islamic state.

why did the battle of the trench happen?

The reason for the battle of trench is that the Jews of Bani al-Nadir broke their covenant with the Messenger Muhammad and tried to kill him.

So he directed his army to them and besieged them until they surrendered, then expelled them from their homes. 

As a result, the Jews of Banu al-Nadir were concerned with revenge against the Muslims, so they began to incite the Arab tribes to invade Medina.

So the Arabs responded to them: the Quraysh tribe and its allies: Kinana (Al-Ahbash), and the Ghatafan tribe (Fazara, Banu Murra, and Ashja).

And their allies Banu Asad and Salim and others, and they were named With the parties, then the Jews of Banu Qurayza joined them, with whom there was a covenant and a covenant.

when was the battle of the trench?

Battle trench took place in the month of Shawwal the fifth year of the Hijrah (corresponding to March 627 AD).

length of trench in battle of trench?

The length of the trench was five thousand five hundred and forty-four meters, its average width was four meters separating sixty-two, and its average depth was three meters separating twenty-three.

battle of the trench results

The battle of the trench was one of the important battles that the Muslims waged against their enemies and achieved important results, including:

  • The victory of the Muslims, the defeat of their enemies, their division, and their return, defeated by their anger, have dashed their hopes and aspirations.
  • The situation changed in favor of the Muslims, so they switched from a position of defense to an attack, and the Prophet Muhammad referred to that when he said: “Now we invade them, and they do not invade us, we are marching to them.”
  • This invasion exposed the Jews of Banu Qurayza and their hatred against Muslims and the circles waiting for them, as they broke their covenant with the Messenger Muhammad in the darkest and most difficult circumstances.
  • The battle of the trench revealed the truth of the true faith of the Muslims, the truth of the hypocrites, and the truth of the Jews of Banu Qurayza.
  • The Battle of Banu Qurayza was a result of the Battle of Al-Ahzab, in which the Jews of Banu Qurayza who broke the covenant with the Prophet were held accountable in the darkest and most severe circumstances.

battle of the trench facts

The Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – participated in digging the trench with his companions in a cold atmosphere, and he was carrying dirt, and he said:

Hunger and fatigue on the Muslims intensified, so they put stones on their stomachs from the severity of hunger, just as the polytheists incited Banu Qurayza to break the covenant with the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him -. :

(If you have come from your understanding and from the bottom of you, and when the eyesight has been overwhelmed, the hearts were brought up and the hearts.

The hypocrites took advantage of this opportunity and began to discourage the resolve of the Muslims, but the Prophet – may God’s prayers and peace be upon him.

Was exalting their resolve and proclaiming victory to them, and entrusted the protection of Medina to three hundred companions; 

For fear of the treachery of Banu Qurayza, the Prophet – peace be upon him – offered to relieve the Muslims; 

Reconciliation of the Ghatafan tribes over a third of the fruits of Medina, so the honorable companions – the Ansar – advised him not to hold this reconciliation for their honor

battle of the trench hadith

عن الزُّبير بن العَوَّام -رضي الله عنه- قال: كان على النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- دِرْعان يوم أحد، فنهض إلى الصَّخرة فلم يستطع، فأَقعد طلحة تحته، فصعد النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم عليه- حتى استوى على الصخرة، فقال: سمعتُ النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- يقول: «أَوْجِبْ طلحة».

battle of the trench Quran

Among the Qur’anic verses mentioned in battle of the trench are the following:

أَوَلَمَّا أَصَابَتْكُمْ مُصِيبَةٌ قَدْ أَصَبْتُمْ مِثْلَيْهَا قُلْتُمْ أَنَّىٰ هَٰذَا ۖ قُلْ هُوَ مِنْ عِنْدِ أَنْفُسِكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

وَمَا أَصَابَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْتَقَى الْجَمْعَانِ فَبِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ وَلِيَعْلَمَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ.

وَلِيَعْلَمَ الَّذِينَ نَافَقُوا ۚ وَقِيلَ لَهُمْ تَعَالَوْا قَاتِلُوا فِ سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أَوِ ادْفَعُوا ۖ قَالُوا لَوْ نَعْلَمُ قِتَالًا لَاتَّبَعْنَاكُمْ ۗ هُمْ لِلْكُفْرِ يَوْمَئِذٍ أَقْرَبُ مِنْهُمْ لِلْإِيمَانِ ۚ يَقُولُونَ بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ مَا لَيْسَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَكْتُمُونَ.

where did the battle of trench take place?

Battle of the trench took place in Medina.

what happened to Muhammad during the battle of the trench

The hurt and fighting intensified in front of the Messenger of Allah, peace, and blessings be upon him, to the extent that it broke his lower quadrant, injured his lower lip and his honorable forehead, peace be upon him.

But the bravery and love of the two venerable Companions for the Messenger of Allah, peace, and blessings be upon him, was great.

So they performed rare heroism in front of the polytheists, and the angels also had a share in protecting the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, in those critical moments and that difficult day.

what battle occurred after the battle of the trench?

When the Messenger of Allah finished the battle of the trench, the people stayed all night taking care of their wounded, and when it was morning, the Messenger of Allah ordered Bilal bin Rabah to call the people to go out to the enemy.

And only go out with those who witnessed the fighting yesterday, so the Messenger of Allah and those with him from the Muslims came out with their wounds in defiance of the polytheists.

The Quraish reached the news, so they decided not to confront and hurry back to Mecca, so the Muslims camped for 3 days in Hamra al-Assad, then returned to Medina.

what happened after the battle of the trench?

The real beginning of the conquest of Makkah was after the “battle of trench” In the fifth year of the Hijrah, when the Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, announced his famous phrase “Now we invade them and they do not invade us.” 

After this expedition, the alliance between the Jews and the polytheists of Mecca was disintegrated, and the events of the Trench revealed the impossibility of such an alliance again. Thus, the Muslims secured the fighting on two fronts at the same time.

Why was the Battle of Trench important?

Battle trench was of great importance in Islam, as it worked to consolidate the principle of consultation in Islam. 

Although the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was supported by revelation, he consulted his companions in all matters. 

The leader of the soldiers is one of the causes of victory. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, participated in digging the trench.

And worked to raise the morale of the soldiers and their dedication to work and to make a catastrophe for the principle of cooperation between the leader and the soldiers.

And supplication was important in achieving victory. The Muslims became a great strength after this battle, and the infidels were defeated by a crushing defeat and knew Some of the intentions of the hypocrites.

Were revealed to the Muslims and their matter was revealed and the intentions of Banu Qurayza who broke the covenant with our master Muhammad were revealed.

Who did Ali fight in battle of trench?

Amr bin Abd Wad Al-Amiri Al-Qurashi was one of the bravest Arab knights in the pre-Islamic era. 

He was the leader of the polytheists in the battle of the trench (parties), he was killed in the battle, and Ali bin Abi Talib killed him.

battle of the trench summary

To summarise, the Messenger Muhammad and the Muslims confronted the parties, by digging a trench north of Medina to prevent the parties from entering it. 

The battle of the trench ended with the withdrawal of the parties, due to their exposure to the severe cold wind, and the Muslims believe that their victory in the battle of the trench was because Allah Almighty shook the bodies.

And hearts of the parties, scattered their gathering by disagreement, and cast terror in their hearts, and sent down soldiers from Him.

In the end battle of the trench, which took place in the year 5 A.H, and in it Muslims have many benefits, including how to reach the maximum stage of patience with your certainty.

And steadfastness and your belief that Allah will help you: “When hearts reach the throats and you think of Allah as suspicions.” But how did this fear turn into a deepening of faith in souls in the victory of Allah for his Prophet and his companions?