Surah al hajj ( Arabic: سورة الحج ) is a Madani surah that deals with aspects of legislation, like all Madani surahs that are concerned with matters of legislation. From the Makkan surahs, and in addition to the legislative subjects such as the permission to kill, the rulings on al hajj and guidance, the command to wage jihad for the sake of Allah, and other topics specific to the civil surahs, some scholars have considered them to be a common surah between the Medina and Makkan surahs.
why was surah hajj revealed?
In some verses of Surah al-hajj, there was a reason for its revelation, which is:
1- His saying – the Highest: (And among the people is he who worships Allah on a letter). So, if their body became healthy, their livelihood increased, or their lives were good, they referred these matters to their entry into Islam, rejoiced in it, and steadfastly adhered to the religion of Allah.
But if they were struck by evil and hardship of life, they referred that harm to Islam, and soon left the religion; Because they think they are letting go of what is causing them harm.
2- His saying – the Highest:: (These are two opponents who disputed in their Lord), the reason for its revelation was a saying from the companion Abdullah bin Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – that it was revealed about the People of the Book.
As they said – the believers – that they are first of the believers in Allah And the most ancient of them is a book, and their Prophet is older than Muhammad, and the believers replied to them that they are more deserving than them in Allah – the Highest – and they believed in all the Messengers.
And in the Messenger Muhammad – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – and in the Prophet of the People of the Book, and the Book of the People of the Book. The verse was revealed.
3- His saying – the Highest -: (Permission has been given to those who fight that they have been wronged), the commentators said about the reason for its revelation, the complaint of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – that the polytheists in Makkah, peace, and blessings of Allah be upon them, had been harmed by them.
permission to fight after; Even if they migrated to Medina, the permission came from Allah – the Highest – to fight, and in another saying on the authority of the companion Abdullah bin Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – that when the Messenger of Allah.
May Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – was expelled from Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – said Allah on his authority – “We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return, we will perish.” So the noble verse was revealed, so Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – knew at that time that it would be a fight
4- The Highest, said: (And We did not send before you any messenger or prophet). Allah – the Highest – said: (Have you considered Al-Lat and Al-Uzza* and Manat the third), so Satan spoke on the tongue of Muhammad – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – about idols that would please the polytheists.
So he asked him to recite what the king had recited – peace be upon him. And he made it clear to him that what he recited before them was from Satan, and not a revelation from Allah – the Highest – because Satan has no way over the righteous servants of Allah, so what can he do to the Messenger of Allah?
surah hajj read online
when was surah hajj revealed?
Surah al hajj was revealed after Surah Al-Nur.
where was surah hajj revealed
Al-hajj was revealed between Makkah and Madinah
why the surah was named al hajj?
Surah hajj was given this name because of the supplication of our master Ibrahim, peace be upon him. After he finished building the ancient house, he commanded the people to perform the pilgrimage to the Sacred House.
Taught them the rituals, mentioned the al hajj and its benefits and virtues, and reprimanded all those who block the believers from the Sacred Mosque, although the obligation of al- hajj was not It comes in this surah.
But its obligation is mentioned in another surah, and in fact, Hajj is one of the acts of worship by which a Muslim draws close to his Lord and gets rid of his sins, and it is a way to maintain faith, and adhere to morals, and strengthen religious scruples.
benefits of surah hajj
The scholars have clarified some of the virtues of al hajj surah, among which are mentioned:
- What was mentioned in the narration on the authority of Abdullah bin Omar – may Allah be pleased with him – in what he narrates that his father Omar bin Al-Khattab prayed to the people,
recited Surah hajj, and prostrated two prostrations during the recitation, and they both prostrated the recitation, and he said: ( This surah is superior to two prostrations.
- It was also reported on the authority of Abdullah bin Dinar: (On the authority of Ibn Omar that he prostrated two prostrations in Surah al hajj).
- What was reported on the authority of Uqbah bin Aamer – may Allah be pleased with him -: (I said: O Messenger of Allah, is Surah e hajj superior to having two prostrations? He said: Yes).
- It was also reported on the authority of Amr Ibn Al-Aas – may Allah be pleased with him: (The Prophet, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, recited fifteen prostrations in the Qur’an, including three in al-Mufassal, and in al hajj two prostrations.
is surah al hajj makki or madani?
Scholars differed about Surah e hajj, is it Meccan or Medina? Or many of which are Makki and many of which are civilian? On the authority of Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, and Ataa: It is Meccan except for his saying: These are two opponents who quarrel over their Lord.
So for those who disbelieve, garments of fire will be cut out for them, and hot water will be poured over their heads, to his saying: Whenever they want to get out of it from grief, they will be brought back into it and taste the torment of burning.
Ibn Attia said: Al-Naqash promised that ten verses of it were revealed in Medina. Also on the authority of Ibn Abbas, al-Dahhak, Qatadah, and al-Hasan: It is a city except for four verses, and we did not send before you a messenger or a prophet unless he wished. from it until the Hour comes to them suddenly, or the torment of a sterile day comes to them.
On the authority of Mujahid, on the authority of Ibn al-Zubayr: It is Madani, and Al-Awfi narrated it on the authority of Ibn Abbas.
Hadith on surah al hajj
Some texts have been received about the virtue of Surah al-hajj, including what was narrated by Al-Albani in Sahih Al-Tirmidhi, what was reported on the authority of Uqbah bin Aamer – may Allah be pleased with him: (I said: O Messenger of Allah, is Surah hajj superior to having two prostrations? He said: Yes)
And in the “Sahiheen” from the hadith of Abdullah bin Omar, may Allah be pleased with them: that the Prophet, peace be upon him, used to recite the Qur’an to him, and when he passed the prostration he prostrated and they prostrated with him. He said: Until none of us finds a place for his forehead due to the large number of prostrators.
how many sajda in surah hajj?
Surah e hajj included two prostrations. The first is in the eighteenth verse, and the second is in the seventy-seventh verse.
what juz is surah hajj
Al hajj surah is located in the seventeenth part.
how many times Allah’s name in surah hajj?
The name of Allah Almighty is mentioned 66 times in Surah hajj.
how to memorize surah al hajj?
A mental map helps in mastering the memorization of Surah Al-Quran well, so let’s take a look at the mental map of Surah al-hajj:
- From verse 1 to verse 37: a reminder of the Day of Resurrection and Resurrection.
- From verse 38 to verse 60: Jihad.
- From verse 61 to verse 78: Pure servitude to Allah.
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surah hajj summary
Al-hajj is one of the great Surahs of the Noble Qur’an, which was revealed after Surat Al-Nur,
and al hajj surah is located in the seventeenth part, specifically the thirty-fourth party. Surah hajj is considered one of the mixed surahs between Mecca and Medina. It included Madani and Meccan verses.
Surah al hajj has seventy-eight verses. Surah e hajj included two prostrations. The first is in the eighteenth verse, and the second is in the seventy-seventh verse, and surah al-hajj included many rulings, such as talking about the rituals of al-hajj, and permission to wage jihad and fight in the cause of Allah.
Finally, Surah al hajj is a Madani surah except for verses 52:55, so it was revealed between Makkah and Madinah, from the Centenary, its verses 78, and its arrangement in the Qur’an 22, in the seventeenth part. It was named after the al hajj, which is one of the five pillars of Islam,
surah hajj included many topics, including the Day of Resurrection, the Resurrection, the Resurrection, the worship of Allah, and the permission to wage jihad.