what is the main theme of surah al hijr? | Top Quran Classes

surah al hijr

what is the main theme of surah al hijr? surah al hijr(Arabic: سورة الحجر) written: Surah hijr began by addressing the issue of the challenge of the miracle of the Noble Qur’an and warning of its virtue, and then it moved to warn, and warn the polytheists that they do not submit to Allah – the Highest – and that they will regret it greatly. 

The surah al hijr also clarified the nature of those who deny this religion, and what are the real reasons for denying it, and it talked about the creation of man and what Allah – the Highest – granted him of honor and features that do not exist for other creatures. 

Al hijr surah also mentioned the enmity of Satan to humans, when Allah Almighty commanded that the Caliph of the Earth be among them. He mentioned the story of Abraham and Lot – peace be upon them – and the story of the owners of the ark, and the companions of the stone, and how Allah- the Highest – destroyed them with their polytheism and unbelief.

Al hijr concluded its verses by confirming the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – on all the trials he faces and his waiting for victory, and that he pardons and forgive those who harm him and entrust his matter to Allah – the Almighty -.

why was surah hijr revealed?

There are reasons for the revelation of specific verses in surah e hijr as follows:

The reason for the revelation of a verse: “And We knew the first among you, and We knew the later ones.”

The reason for the revelation of the previous verse, as mentioned by the people of interpretation, such as al-Baghawi, al-Tabari, Ibn Arabi, Ibn Ashour, Ibn Atiyah, Ibn Kathir, and others in a hadith of the Messenger of Allah- may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – in which he says.

“A beautiful woman used to pray behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said: Some of the people were He advances in the first row so that he does not see her, and some of them fall behind so that he is in the last row.

And when he kneels, he looks from under his armpits, and Allah revealed about it: {And we have known those who came among you, and We knew those who were later}.

Al-Tabari made it clear after the hadith of the Messenger – may Allah’s prayers, and peace be upon him – that it was possible that it had been revealed about those who came later, and those who were brought forward in the ranks of prayer for the sake, of women, and then it was generalized to all creation.

Thus, the commentators were divided into two sects. Some of them rejected the hadith, as a reason for the revelation of the verse because it contained a slander, against the Companions of the Messenger of Allah. 

Moreover in His presence, while they were kneeling and prostrating, this reason was rejected because of the context of the verse preceding that verse: {Indeed, we give life and cause death, and we are the inheritors}, and the next verse is: {And your Lord will gather them together; He is Wise, All-knowing}.

The verses revolved around death and resurrection and had nothing to do with the masses of worshipers, and the other sect found that the hadith of the Messenger of Allah is a possible reason for the revelation of the verse, and God knows best.

And it came in the Book of Asbab al-Nuzul that al-Rabi` bin Anas mentioned another reason for the revelation of a verse, which is that the Messenger of Allah encouraged prayer in the first row, and the houses of Bani Udrah were in a place far from the mosque, so they decided to buy houses closer to him, so the previous verse was revealed, and Allah knows best.

The reason for the revelation of a verse: We removed what was in their chests. 

As for the reason for the revelation of a verse: {And We removed what was in their chests of malice}. Based on the authority of Ali Bin Al-Hussein that verse was revealed by Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq and the great companions Omar Bin Al-Khattab and Ali Bin Abi Talib.

May Allah be pleased with them, and what is meant is Here is the hatred of the pre-Islamic era, which was in their chests before they all converted to Islam.

It was between the three tribes: Bani Taym, Uday, and Bani Hashem, hatred and malice, and after their conversion to Islam, Allah removed the hatred and hatred in their hearts.

Then planted in their love, brotherhood, and cooperation. And he placed it on the side of Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him – to relieve the pain, so the verse was revealed about that.

The reason for the revelation of a verse: Inform My servants that I am the Forgiving, the Merciful. 

Among the verses of Al Hejr is the verse: {Inform My servants that I am the Forgiving, the Merciful}. And the reason for its revelation was a hadith on the authority of the Messenger of Allah, where he said: “The Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – passed by some of his companions.

They laughed, and he said: Remember heaven and remember Hell, so I came down: Inform My servants that I am the Forgiving, the Merciful. Some of them mentioned that it was the reason for the revelation of the previous verse.

And it is not possible to be definitive in that, as was reported by Ibn Jarir in his chain of narrators in another incident about the reason for the revelation of that verse.

Which is that the Messenger of Allah- may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – saw some of his companions laughing. Almighty: Why did my servants despair? The verse was revealed, and Allah knows best.

The reason for the revelation of a verse: We have given you seven of the verses and the Great Qur’an.

 It was reported on the authority of Ibn al-Jawzi that the reason for its revelation was that the Muslims wished that Allah would send them money to spend in his way.

After they saw seven caravans coming from Basra and sent to the Jews of Qurayza and Banu al-Nadir in one day, so Allah revealed He said: {And We have given you seven of the Repetitions and the Great Qur’an}.

And it was said that the evidence for the validity of this interpretation is the verse that came after it, which is the Almighty’s saying: surah al hijr is a Meccan surah by consensus.

Some of them said what is meant is Surat Al-Fatihah, and the evidence for this is what came in the hadith of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – describing Surat Al-Fatihah.

And some of them said the meaning of the seven long surahs, which are: Surat Al-Baqarah, Al Imran, Al-Nisa’, Al-Ma’idah, Al-An’am, and Al-A’raf.

what is surah hijr about?

Al hijr surah did not differ in its context and content from the Meccan surahs that preceded it. The Meccan surahs include sentences from the fundamentals of the religion.

Such as monotheism and resurrection, and warning the polytheists, the sinners, and the unjust, in addition to what the history of the previous peoples holds of lessons and exhortation.

We can summarize the purposes included in this surah, and revolve around it according to the following:

1- The nature of this book, which the polytheists and deniers deny, is that it is a clear book that guides to the truth and to a straight path.

2- Urging to take advantage of the opportunity to join the convoy of Islam and to be saved before it is lost, and the day will come when those who oppose will wish if they were Muslims; That will not benefit them on that day, and it will not avail them anything of Allah torment.

3- The surah depicts the distracting hope in a lively human image; The bright hope is still illusory for this person, while he is running after him, preoccupied with him, and deceived by him.

Until he crosses the safe area; and even neglects Allah, destiny, and term; And even forget that there is an obligation and that there is a forbidden; Even to forget that there is an Allah, that there is death, and that there is resurrection.

4- The surah showed that the laws of Allah are past and do not lag behind; And that the destruction of nations depends on their term, which Allah has decreed for them, and the consequences of their behavior by which Allah’s Sunnah and His will are carried out: {And we destroyed no village without it having a known book}.

And that book is known and the term divided, Allah grants it to the villages and nations to work, and according to the work will be the destiny. So if she believed, did good, reformed, and just, Allah extended her term.

Until she deviated from all these foundations, and there was no remnant of good hope left in her, then she would reach her term, and her existence would end, either permanently with doom and rebellion, or temporarily with weakness and apathy.

5- The Noble Qur’an is preserved by Allah’s protection for it, and its texts remain as Allah revealed them. It is an argument against every character and every interpreter. And an argument that remains as well as the divine nature of this preserved book.

6- The surah clarifies the model of man when his nature is corrupted, his insight is closed, his receiving and receiving devices are disrupted, and he is cut off from the living existence around him, and from its rhythms and revelations. }).

7- That beauty is an intended goal in the creation of this universe, and it is the one who organizes all the manifestations of the universe and arises from the harmony of all of them.

And that this dazzling beauty in it is preserved, and no defilement or impurity can reach it, and no devil can tamper with it, except for repelling and deceptions between him and what he wants.

8- That the livelihood of the servants – like everything – is determined in the knowledge of Allah, subordinate to His command and will, He spends it wherever He wills and as He wants, at the time He wants.

According to His Sunnah that He is pleased with, and He made it in people and livelihoods, {And We have made for you therein livelihoods and for whom you do not have provision. We have its treasuries, and We do not send it down except for a known measure.) }.

9- No creature is capable of anything or owns anything, but the treasures of everything are with Allah. He sends it down to creation {to a known extent}, so nothing is revealed arbitrarily, and nothing is done arbitrarily.

10- That life and death are in the hands of Allah alone, and that Allah is the inheritor afterlife. And that He, Glory be to Him, knows those who have decreed for them to come before them.

So that they die, and those who have decreed for them to be deferred so that they will be delayed in death. And that he is the one who gets them in the end, and to him his fate.

11- That the origin of man and the origin of all life is from the clay of this earth; Among its main elements, which are represented by themselves in the physical structure of the human being, and the structure of all living things. And that there are phases between clay and man.

12- The eternal and fateful battle between Satan and man on this earth starts from Satan’s temptation to man away from Allah’s approach; And beautifying him in other than him, luring him to get out of judgment for him in all that he legislated of belief and conception, ritual and ritual, law and order.

13_ Those who worship Allah alone and are sincere to Him in their worship, Satan has no way over them; Because they attach their eyes to Allah, and realize His law by their innate nature that connects to Allah. Rather, the path of Satan is against those who deviate from the path of Allah and His righteous path.

14- That the pious are the ones who observe Allah in all their actions, movements, and stillnesses and protect themselves and their families from His punishment and its causes. 

The reward for what they feared on earth and feared, so they deserve a safe and secure abode in the neighborhood of the Noble Allah.

15- The blessed surah presented examples of Allah’s mercy and torment, represented in the stories of Abraham, peace be upon him, and his glad tidings of old age with a knowledgeable boy.

And Lot and his salvation and his family except for his wife from the unjust people, the owners of the yoke, and the owners of the stone, and the painful punishment that befell them.

16- The surah shows that the truth is deep in the design of this existence, deep in its formation, deep in its management, deep in its destiny, and what is in it and what is in it. 

Every outcome is carried out according to these just and immutable laws, And every change that occurs in the heavens and the earth and what is between them is affected by truth and by truth.

17- The Holy Qur’an is one of the elements of that truth, and it reveals the ways of the Creator, directs hearts to it, reveals His verses in souls and horizons, stirs hearts to comprehend them, and reveals the causes of guidance and misguidance.

The fate of truth and falsehood, good and evil, righteousness and corruption. The means of revealing and clarifying it, and it is the authentic authenticity of that right with which the heavens and the earth were created, the established laws of existence, linked to those laws.

where was surah hijr revealed?

Surah e hijr was revealed in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, with the exception of some verses, as it was revealed inside Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah.

when was surah hijr revealed?

Surah al hijr was revealed after Surat Yusuf.

why the surah was named al hijr?

Al hijr surah is called by this name because most of it talks about the companions of al hijr, who are the people of Thamud, who were known for their unbelief and denial of what the Messenger of Allah- may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him.

Was sent with the religion of Islam. Al-Munawwarah and the Levant, and the people of Thamud were inhabited by them, so they were called the companions of the stone.

in reference to the place where they lived, and the people of Thamud are the people of Saleh, peace be upon him, and the stone is now next to the province of Al-Ula.

is surah al hijr makki or madani?

Surah e hijr is one of the Meccan surahs that were revealed to the Holy Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him in Makkah Al-Mukarramah. Verse No. “87” is excluded from it. It is a civil verse revealed in Medina.

how to memorize surah al hijr?

There is more than one method that may help you to master the memorization of surah al hijr

well, and the most prominent of these methods is the method of repetition.

And this method is intended to hear the surah in the voice of your favorite reciter, as this helps you remember the verses and quickly recall them in your mind better.

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Hadith on surah hijr

Imam Ahmad and Al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Ibn Omar – may Allah be pleased with them both – that the Prophet – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – “When the Al Hejr

 came down in the Battle of Tabuk, he commanded them not to drink from its well, nor to draw from it. And they spill that water.

surah hijr in which para?

Al hijr surah is located in the fourteenth part.

surah hijr benefits 

It is said in the merit of surah e hijr that

1- whoever recites it and continues to recite it, will have ten good deeds according to the number of the Emigrants and the Ansar.

2- Also, whoever tried to mock Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as it was said that whoever is keen to read Surah Al-Hijr will not be thirsty on the Day of Resurrection.

3- It is also said that whoever recites it in two units of prayer every Friday will not be exposed to poverty, madness, or any of the major problems in his life.

4- Also, surah al hijr confirms the fate of the oppressors, no matter how long it takes, and confirms that Allah Almighty is the avenger, and He is also the Forgiving, the Merciful. 

Likewise, if the surah is attached to a Muslim person, Allah Almighty grants him goodness and sustenance in all his financial dealings, and he receives all kindness and charity.

surah hijr Tafseer

The context of the al hijr here can be divided into five rounds, or five sections, each of which includes a topic or a field:

Tafseer of verses 1 to 24

The first round includes a statement of the Sunnah of Allah that does not lag behind in the message, belief in it, and denial. It begins with that implicit warning, blunted by intimidation.

Perhaps those who disbelieve would like it if they were Muslims, and it ends with the fact that the deniers lie out of stubbornness, not from a lack of evidence of faith.

Tafseer of verses 25 to 43

These verses present the story of humanity, the origin of guidance and seduction in its structure and original causes, and the fate of the deviant in the end and the converts.

This is in the creation of Adam, from the clay of aged mud and the breath of Allah’s Spirit in this clay. Then in the deception of Satan, his arrogance, and his assumption of the seducers without the faithful.

Tafseer of verses 44 to 74

These verses talk about the wrestlers of the lost people of the people of Lot, Shuaib and Saleh, tell my worshipers that I am the Forgiving, the Most Merciful, and that My punishment is the painful punishment. People passing by their land on their way to Sham and seeing their tracks.

Tafseer of verses from 74 to 99

As for the fifth and final round, it reveals the inherent right to the creation of the heavens, and the earth dressed in the hour and the reward and punishment that follows, related to the call of the Messenger, peace, and blessings be upon him. It is the greatest universal truth of the entire universe, the beginning and the destiny.

surah al-hijr summary

Surah al hijr is a Meccan surah that was revealed after Surat Yusuf. It has another name, as Al Hejr is a place where the Thamud people lived with their Prophet Saleh – peace be upon him.

The al hijr, or what is called the Thamud Stone, is located between Medina and the Levant, and it is a valley between Khaybar and Tayma. The people of Thamud carved it in the mountains to protect them from earthquakes and thunderbolts.

But Allah Almighty destroyed them with something they did not think of and did not prepare for, which is the cry, so you left them dead. They did it to protect themselves, so He – the Highest – said: (Then what they used to earn was of no use to them.


In conclusion, our conversation today has dealt with several aspects of surah al hijr, and we have mentioned the reason for the revelation of the surah, and the purposes contained in al hijr surah in detail, in addition to the virtue of reading surah e hijr, as well as how the Muslim persists in mastering the memorization of the surah well.