What is surah al masad about? | Top Quran Classes

surah al masad

What is surah al masad about? surah al masad  ( Arabic: سورة المسد ) written Al masad surah is about the miserable end of Abu Lahab (an uncle of the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, and his wife (Umm Gamil) due to their harm to the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, and other Makkah Muslims.

Abu Lahab’s name was Abdul Uzza bin Abdul Muttalib. He was called Abu Lahab because of the brightness of his face. The Arabic word ”Lahab” means flames, and this was his nickname because he was of radiant reddish color.

Surah al masad told us about the special punishment of Umm Gamil (the wife of the uncle of the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him,  which will be a twisted rope of masad around her neck in Jahannam, Hell, we seek Allah to rescue us from it.

Surah al masad meaning 

Al-masad surah starts with a bad call on Abu Lahab (perish his hands) (Tabbat yada abi Lahab) as a reply from Allah to the same call that Abu Lahab said to the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.

Then Allah confirms that Abu Lahab`s wealth and his children will not benefit him because he will be burnt in a fire of blazing flames.

Allah also tells us about the punishment of Abu Lahab’s wife( who was a carrier of firewood) that will be a twisted rope of masad (palm fiber) around her neck in Hell.  

surah al masad read online

surah al masad read online
surah al masad read online

 Why was surah al masad revealed?

Surah al-masad was revealed to console the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, after a statement of Abu Lahab to him (May you perish), when the prophet peace be upon him, gathered the people in Makkah to warn them from Allah’s punishment.

When was surah al masad revealed?

Al-masad surah was revealed in the first public invitation of the prophet. Surah al-Masad was the sixth surah in revelation. By the way, the holey Quran was revealed over 23 years after the beginning of the mission of the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. 

Where was surah al masad revealed?

Surah al masd was revealed from Allah to His prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, in Makkah which was the first invitation of Islam, and Muslims suffered a lot of torments from kuffar.

Why was the surah named Al-masad?

Al-masad means the palm fiber, which is the substance of the rope that will be around Um Gamil’s neck in hell. Al masad word describes the severe torment of this woman and it is mentioned as the last word in verse 5 (the end of surah).

What is the main theme of surah al masad?

The main theme of masad surah is to tell us about an example of the punishment of Islam’s enemies as well as anyone who helps them everywhere, and in all eras till Qiyaamah day because Allah wants people to believe in Islam (which is the right religion for the humanity) but those infidels hate Islam and fight it for their personal conciliator.

Is surah masad makki or madani?

Surah masad is Makki as it was revealed in Makkah. The total number of Surahs in the Quran is 114. There are 86 Makki chapters and the rest are 28 Madani surah.

In general, the holy Quran was first revealed in Makkah and then finished its revelation in Madina.

In which para is surah al masad?

Quran surah masad is in para 30 and was ordered in the 111 chapter of the Quran. Al-masad is one of the short Surahs of the Holy Quran, as it consists of 5 ayat (verses) only.

Surah masad benefits

Surah tabbat yada abi lahab benefits us with a lot of things, we will mention some of them:

  • Warning us from the bad end of an infidel, so we need to follow Islam legislations and apply the precepts of Allah prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, to rescue ourselves from hell and win the paradise with the volition of Allah.
  • Surah Abu Lahab shows us some of the sufferings that happened to the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, in his way to this invitation, so we all love him and call Allah to gather us with him and see him in paradise.
  • Al-masad surah is one of the prognostics of prophecy as it told us that Abu Lahab will die kaffir and this already happened 10 years later.
  • The most important lesson from surah al masad is to know that never your wealth nor your children or any lover to you in the world will benefit you in Qiyaamah (day of judgment and punishment), or protect you from hell except faith in Allah, following his prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him,  avoid evilness and doing good.
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Surah masad Tafseer

Tafseer means the explanation of each verse of surah to understand surah well.

  1. Tabbat yada abi Lahabinw-wa tabb

( تبت يدا أبي لهب وتب)

  Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish him! The first part is a supplication against him, and the second is information about him. 

  1. Maa aghnaa ‘anhu maaluhoo wa ma kasab

(ما أغنى عنه ماله وما كسب)

His wealth and his children will not benefit him! It has been mentioned by Ibn Mas’ud that when the Messenger of Allah called his people to faith, Abu Lahab said, “Even if what my nephew says is true, I will ransom myself (i.e., save myself) from the painful torment on the Day of Judgment with my wealth and my children.” Thus, Allah revealed masad surah.  

  1. Sa-yaslaa naaran zaata lahab

( سيصلى ناراً ذات لهب)

He will enter a fire full of flames!  Meaning, it has flames, evil and severe burning.

  1. Wamra-atuhoo hammaa latal-hatab

(وامرأته حمالة الحطب)

And his wife too, who carries wood which she used to put on the way of the prophet Muhammad peace be upon him.

His wife was among the leading women of the Quraish, and her name was `Arwah bint Harb bin Umayyah, and she was the sister of Abu Sufyan. She was supportive of her husband in his disbelief, rejection and obstinacy to Islam therefore, she will be helping to administer his punishment in the fire of Hell on the Day of Judgment. Thus,  Allah says this verse.

  1. Fee jeedihaa hablum mim-masad

 (في جيدها حبل من مسد) 

In her neck is a twisted rope of Masad. Al-Jawhari said, “Al-Masad refers to fibers, it is also a rope made from fibers or palm leaves, and it’s made from the skins of camels or their furs, it is said (in Arabic) Masadtul-Habla and Amsaduhu Masadan, when you tightly fasten its twine.

Hadith on surah al masad

Hadith is literally ”speech”; recorded saying or tradition of the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, validated by isnad; with sira these compromise the sunnah and reveal shariah.

Here, we will mention some authentic Hadiths which are related to surah Masad:

         1- Narrated Ibn Abbas: “when the verse, “And warn your tribe O Muhammad of near kindred” (V.26:214) was revealed, Allah`s Messenger, peace be upon him, went out and when he ascended As-Safa mountain, he shouted, “Ya sabahah”. The people said “what is that?”, then they gathered around him, whereupon he said, “Do you see? if I inform you that cavalrymen are proceeding up the side of this mountain, will you believe me?”Then he said, “I am a plain warner to you of a coming severe punishment,” Abu Lahab said,” May you perish, you gathered us only for this reason?” Then Abu Lahab went away. So (surat Al-Masad) “Perish the hands of Abu Lahab” was revealed. (sahih Al-Bukhari, Vol. 6, Hadith No. 495). “ Ya Sabaha” is an Arabic expression used when one appeals for help or draws the attention of others to some danger. 

2- (v.111:4) “And his wife too who carries wood” Mujahid said, “carries the wood” means that she used to slander the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, and goes about with calumnies.

3- (v.111:5) “in her neck is a twisted rope of palm fiber” it is the chain which is in the fire (of Hell)”. (Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol.6, chapter 356, page 469).

Imam Quortobi says in the tafsir of the (v.17:45):

Narrated Saeed bin Jubair: “when surah No.111 (Surat Al-Masad) was revealed, the wife of Abu Lahab came looking out for the prophet, peace be upon him, while Abu Bakr was sitting beside him. Abu Bakr said to the prophet, peace be upon him, “I wish if you get aside (or go away) as she is coming, to us, she may harm you. The prophet said: “There will be a screen set between me and her”. So she did not see him, peace be upon him, she said to Abu Bakr: “Your companion is saying poetry against me”. Abu Bakr said: “By Allah, he does not say poetry”. She said: “do you believe that ” then she left. Abu Bakr said, “ O Allah’s Messenger, she did not see you”. The prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, said: “An angel was screening me from her ”. This Hadith is quoted in Musnad Abu Yala.

How to memorize surah al-masad?

  • The first thing of all in any work is the devotion to Allah (which means you want from this work  Allah satisfaction only). 
  • Second, seek help from Allah all the time.
  • Third, you need to understand every word carefully, because the Quran is the holy book of Allah, so we need to love it and memorize it by heart.
  • Fourth, you need to choose a master full sheik to be your teacher in your journey for Quran learning and memorization.
  • Fifth, repeat every Aya at least five times and when you finish, repeat all surah five times again.
  • Sixth, read this surah in all your daily prayers, especially night prayers.
  • Finally, but not the end, you need a good friend to encourage you in the memorization of the Quran you can recite to him, and he corrects any mistake for you.
MUST READ:  Information about the surahs of the Quran

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surah al masad in english

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

  1. Perish the hands of the Father of Flame! Perish he!
  2. No profit to him from all his wealth, and all his gains!
  3. Burnt soon will he be in a Fire of Blazing Flame!
  4. His wife shall carry the (crackling) wood – As fuel!-
  5. A twisted rope of palm-leaf fiber around her (own) neck!

surah al masad in roman english

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

  1. Tabbat yadaa abee Lahabinw-wa tabb
  2. Maa aghnaa ‘anhu maaluhoo wa ma kasab
  3. Sa-yaslaa naaran zaata lahab
  4. Wamra-atuhoo hammaa latal-hatab
  5. Fee jeedihaa hablum mim-masad

surah al masad in arabic

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
1. تَبَّتْ يَدَا أَبِي لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ
2. مَا أَغْنَىٰ عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَبَ
3. سَيَصْلَىٰ نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ
4. وَامْرَأَتُهُ حَمَّالَةَ الْحَطَبِ
5. فِي جِيدِهَا حَبْلٌ مِنْ مَسَدٍ

Surah masad summary

Surah Al masad ( سوره المسد )has two names. Names are taken from Verse 1  and 5 where there is a mention of the word ”Lahab” and “Masad” respectively.

This Surah was revealed to prescribe the behavior of one of the relatives of the Prophet who stood against his message.

The habit of any kaffir everywhere is to harm the prophet. They used to enjoy torturing and hurting innocent people (men, women, and children) because those particular people had chosen to follow Islam.  As such, Abu Lahab and his wife used to take pride in their sadistic behavior.

As such, in response to their sadism and sociopathic manners, Abu Lahab and Umm Jamil were accorded such punishment.  

Surah Abu Lahab teaches us that we should not meet Allah’s blessing with kufr (disbelieve in Allah) and we should not be tricked with Al Dunya belongings (wealth, children, authority, and other desires).

Allah sent a messenger (Muhammad peace be upon him)  to you, who recites to you the Quran which contains clear explanations and commands from Allah, and that who will believe and do righteous good deeds so Allah will admit him into Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise) to dwell therein forever. On the opposite side, if anyone disbelieves in Islam and harms Muslims, Allah has prepared for them a severe torment in Hell. 

So fear Allah, keep your duty to him and stay away from those things that would displease Allah.

Finally, we all call Allah to direct us to the faithful way, our end is to go to paradise and rescue us from Hell.