what is the main theme of surah ar rum?

surah ar rum

what is the main theme of surah ar rum? surah ar rum  (Arabic: سورة الروم ) written Surah rum is one of the Meccan surahs, and It was revealed to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, in Makkah al-Mukarramah, except for the seventeenth verse, which is madni. 

The order of that surah is 30 of the Noble Qur’an. It is in the twenty-first part, and its arrangement in the parties is the forty-first, and the number of its verses is 60 verses. 

Surah al rum talked about the Islamic faith and dealt with many issues that are controversial among humans, and Allah Almighty revealed them to our master Muhammad after Surat Al-Inshiqaq.

Surah ar rum also included many hadiths about issues, whether in the general form or in the special form, and the most important parts included in surah ar-rum are the resurrection, the reward, and the oneness of Allah Almighty.

what is surah rum about?

The main purpose of surah rum quran is to reveal the close connections between people’s conditions, life events, humanity’s past, present, and future, the laws of the universe, and the laws of existence.

And to show that every movement, every event, every state, every emergence, every consequence, every victory, and every defeat… They are all linked by a close bond, governed by a precise law.

And that the matter in it is all for Allah: {Allah has the command before and after}, and this is the first truth that the entire Qur’an confirms, as the truth guiding in this belief, the truth from which all perceptions, feelings, values, and assessments arise, and without which neither perception nor assessment is correct.

In addition to this main objective, the surah included a number of objectives, which we mention as follows:

1- suppression of the polytheists of the people of Mecca, who wanted the victory of the Persians over the Romans; This is because the Persians were not monotheistic; Their religion was Magician, while the Romans at that time were People of the Book, and their religion was Christianity.

2- So the polytheists from the people of Mecca found in the incident an opportunity for the belief in polytheism to be superior to the belief in monotheism, and a foreshadowing of the victory of the faith of unbelief over the religion of faith. 

Hence, the first verses of this surah were revealed heralding the victory of the People of the Book from the Romans in a few years, a victory for which the believers will rejoice, who would like the victory of the religion of faith and monotheism over the boredom of polytheism and unbelief.

3- The pagans’ ignorance that their understanding does not delve into events, they do not reflect on the reasons for the rise and decline of nations, and they do not take advice from the destruction of previous nations similar to them in associating Allah.

4- The infidels are obligated to neglect the consideration of the eternal afterlife, and that their knowledge is limited to the ephemeral life of this world.

5- The inference of His Oneness, Glory be to Him, by the cosmic verses, the divine creatures, and the link between the Sunnah of Allah in helping the believers with the true religion, and the great truth upon which the heavens and the earth and what is between them were established.

6- Explanation of the universality of the call of Islam and its connection with the conditions of the whole world around it, and the expansion of its scope, as it is not linked to this earth alone.

But it is also related to the nature of this universe and its great laws, the nature of the human soul and its stages, and the past and future of this humanity, not on this earth alone, but also In the world of the afterlife closely related and interconnected.

7- encouragement to adhere to the religion of Islam; It is the right religion, which the Almighty does not accept from his servants a religion other than.

Because it is a religion that Allah has made people upon, and whoever seeks a religion other than that, he has tried to change what Allah created, and how can he do that; There is no alteration of Allah’s creation.

8- In this surah, Allah Almighty has given examples of resurrecting the various dead after life has passed from them, and of reviving nations after people have despaired of them, and examples of the occurrence of strength after weakness.

and weakness after strength; All of this is to demonstrate His Power, Glory be to Him, and that He, Glory be to Him, is the One who is able to do anything, and nothing on earth or in the heavens is incapable of Him.

9- Disclosure of the fluctuations in the nature of people that are not suitable for life, unless they are linked to a fixed standard that does not revolve with whims.

And portray their condition in mercy and harm, and when extending their livelihood and taking it, in addition to an explanation of the means of spending and developing this livelihood.

10 – Linking the emergence of corruption on land and sea, people’s work and earnings, their tendency to walk the earth, and looking at the consequences of the polytheists before.

11- Proving the resurrection on the Day of Resurrection, and that it is an undoubted right, and only one who denies the Day of Judgment or is ignorant of this religion will deny it.

12- Instructing the Messenger, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, to be patient with his call, and what he encounters from people in it, and to be reassured that Allah’s promise is true and must be coming.

So he should not worry about himself, nor be belittled by those who are not certain. And it is an indirect directive to the bearers of this religion in every time and place.

why was surah rum revealed?

Surah room is not one of the short chapters in the Holy Qur’an, so it is difficult to enumerate the reasons for the revelation of its verses, each verse separately, but many stories and narrations have been mentioned about the reason for the revelation of the verses of sourate roum, and among these narrations:

1- The commentators said: that Khosrau the great Persian – sent an army to the Romans, led by a man named Shahriraz. , which is the lowest Levant to the land of the Arabs.

So the Persian army overcame the Romans, and that reached the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – and his companions in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, so it was difficult for them.

And the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – hated that the illiterates of the Persians should prevail over the people of the Book from the Romans, and the infidels rejoiced and rejoiced.

So the Prophet’s companions met May Allah prayers and peace be upon him – and they said: You are the People of the Book and the Christians are the People of the Book, and we are illiterate.

2- It was reported on the authority of Abu Saeed Al-Khudri – may Allah be pleased with him – who said: “When the day of Badr came, the Romans appeared over the Persians, and the believers were impressed by that.

So it was revealed: “Pain * The Romans were defeated in the lowest of the earth” to his saying: “The believers rejoice in the victory of Allah.” He said: He rejoices. Those who believe in the emergence of the Romans over the Persians.” And Allah Almighty knows best

The reason for the revelation of some verses in surah room

There are also some other verses within Ar-Rum that dealt with the reasons for its revelation, including the following:

Have the Romans been defeated in the lowest land, and after their conquest they will be victorious in a few years?”

On the day this verse was revealed, Persia was conquering the Romans, and the Muslims liked the Romans to appear over them, because they and they are the People of the Book.

And on that, Allah Almighty says, “And on that Day the believers will rejoice at Allah’s help, nor will He help whom He wills, and He is the Mighty, the Most Merciful because His faith will have rejoiced for them.

And when Allah revealed this verse, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq came out crying in the outskirts of Mecca, “Have the Romans been defeated in the lowest part of the earth, and they were, after being defeated.

By their wrath? People from Quraish said to Abu Bakr, and that is between us and you, your friend’s claim that the Romans will defeat Persia in a few years.

Shall we not bet you on that? He said, “Yes, and that was before betting was prohibited.” So Abu Bakr and the polytheists took a pledge and were humble in the bet, and they said to Abu Bakr, “How much do you make a few from three years to nine years?”

He said, “Six years passed before they appeared, so the polytheists took the pledge of Abu Bakr, and when the seventh year came, the Romans appeared over Persia, so the Muslims insulted Abu Bakr by naming him Six Sunnis when Allah Almighty said in a few people.

And whatever you give from usury to increase with people’s money, it does not increase with Allah.”

This verse was revealed about those who devour people’s money unjustly, as some people would give the elders a modest gift according to his condition, to embarrass the man with that.

So he would give him also, but in proportion to his position and honor, so he would gain a lot, and repeat the process over and over again, no love for people, and no affection for them, and do not interact with them.

Rather, to bring bigger gifts, he gives the dirham and the two dirhams, earns one hundred and two hundred dirhams, and collects money from people with falsehood, and embarrassment.

And modesty, so Allah – the Highest – revealed the noble verse and forbade taking people’s money unlawfully, including usury, which is lending people money to take more of it.

Abd al-Rahman ibn Ghannam was in the mosque of Damascus with a group of the Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, among whom was Muadh ibn Jabal. Abd al-Rahman ibn Ghannam said, “O people, what I fear most for you is hidden polytheism.” Muadh said, “O Allah, forgive.”

He said, “O Mu’adh, have you not heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, say, Whoever fasts for hypocrisy has committed shirk, and whoever gives in charity for ostentation has committed shirk, and whoever prays as ostentation has committed shirk.

That is the same as the verse in the Romans, and whatever you did to the people of the city of Ya`la with the people of Ya`la with the people of the verse. Hypocrisy was not written for him or him.

where was surah rum revealed?

Surah rum was revealed in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, with the exception of some verses, as it was revealed to the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, inside Medina.

when was surah rum revealed?

Surah al rum was revealed before Surat Al-Ankabut and after Surah Al-Inshiqaq.

why the surah was named Ar-Rum?

The word surah ar rum Ar-Rum

in the Arabic language is from: ram something, he wants it if he seeks it and intends it. Because they are indeed from the children of Al-Asfar bin Rom bin Easun bin Ishaq, and they are the descendants of our master Ishaq, peace be upon him.

Surah ar-rum was named after them because it contained – and not others – political news; It is the battle of the Romans with the Persians, and they were the two largest forces in the world at that time.

And they were – as is the custom of humans in this world – at war, between them, there were wars and constant sparring, and the victory at that time was for the Persians and the Persians are the people of Persia who worship fire and believe that fire is their gods.

The Romans lost in that battle, and the Romans are from the People of the Book, they are Christians of the religion of our Master Christ – peace be upon him – so Allah Almighty mentioned this tragic news, and gave the Romans good tidings that they would be defeated, but in a period not exceeding nine years.

Seven years after the issuance of this good news, the Qur’anic glad tidings and the Qur’anic news of the Roman victory were fulfilled, and the Romans were victorious over the Persians. Years ۗ Allah is the affair before and after ۚ And on that day the believers will rejoice * With Allah help ۚ He will give victory”.

is surah ar rum makki or madani?

Surah rum quran is considered one of the Meccan surahs because it was revealed to the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, and verse 17 is excluded from it, as it is a city and was revealed in Medina.

In which para is surah al rum?

Surah room is located in the twenty-first part of the Holy Qur’an arrangement.

how to memorize surah ar rum?

To remember sourate roum, and memorize it well, you can follow the following instructions:

1- Determine the appropriate memorization method for you, as there is more than one method, such as following mental charts, or alternatively, you can memorize the surah through the process of repetition at the hands of an able and skilled sheik to memorize.

2- Divide the verses of the surah into small verses and distribute them on a specific timetable, according to your ability to memorize.

3- Choosing the quietest time of the day, helps you to memorize faster, compared to other times.

4- Linking the verses of the surah to the events through the mental scheme, this matter speeds up the process of memorization. 

5- For example, the verses of sourate roum expressed the promise of victory for the believers, and then moved to the statement of the power and greatness of Allah Almighty in this universe.

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Hadith on surah ar-rum 

Among the hadiths mentioned in surah rum are the following:

  • The first hadith in surah ar rum: It was mentioned in Sahih Al-Bukhari It was narrated on the authority of Abu Ruh that he heard our master Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his family and peace read surah ar-rum in the morning and here is this noble hadith.

The second hadith in surah rum quran: It was mentioned in Sahih Al-Bukhari, Abd al-Razzaq also narrated on the authority of Muammar ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Umair that our master Prophet Muhammad, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him and his family, used to recite surah room in the dawn prayer on Friday.

surah ar-rum  dua

Among the supplications mentioned in sourate roum:

  • فَاصْبِرْ إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ وَلا يَسْتَخِفَّنَّكَ الَّذِينَ لا يُوقِنُونَ.

surah ar rum benefits

Among the benefits of Ar-Rum are the following:

1- The merit of surah rum is due to the fact that it reveals the close links between people’s conditions, life events, and mankind’s past, present, and future.

The laws of the universe and the laws of existence, and a statement that everything that takes place in this world of movements, stillness, actions, and sayings is linked and governed by an accurate law.

2-  And that the matter in this world is for Allah Almighty, the Almighty said in the decisive revelation: “Allah has the command before and after.” Victory and victory are not merely due to the existence of reasons alone, but rather it must be associated with Allah’s decree and destiny.

3- This is the first fact that the entire Qur’an confirms, and the verses of the surah have urged adherence to the religion of Islam, as it is the religion of righteousness, goodness, and truth, and Allah does not accept a religion other than that for His servants.

4- It is a religion that Allah has created people upon, and whoever seeks a religion other than that, has tried to change what Allah created, and how can he do that.

There is no alteration of Allah’s creation – Glory be to Him, and this is clear to everyone who has delved into its interpretation and explanation, and probed its depths.

surah rum Tafseer

Each Surah in the Noble Qur’an has purposes, goals, and reasons, as well as surah rum, and the Romans are the people of Banu Asfar, descendants of our master Isaac – peace be upon him. 

Thus, they are the People of the Book from the Children of Israel, and the Surah was named after their name. It took place between the Romans and Persia in Adira’.

This was one of the many purposes of surah al rum, and this surah was revealed at the end of the Meccan era, before the migration of the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – with his companions to Medina “Yathrib”.

It was paving the way for the fraternity that would occur and the mixing of Muslims, for many Christians and Jews in Yathrib, for Muslims were rejoicing at the victories of the People of the Book over the Magi, and they grieved and mourned for their loss.

At the beginning of the surah, Allah mentioned the miraculous letters (al-m), to indicate the miraculousness of Allah in his words, then followed the news of the loss of the Romans.

But this sad news for the believers was followed by the good news from Allah to his servants that they will defeat the Magi from the Persians, confirming that victory is not by several or equipment, rather it is from Allah alone, He helps whom He wills and defeats whom He wills

Then the surah moves in its particulars to the statement of the signs of Allah in this transient world, the Almighty said: {And among His signs is that your creation from dust, then when you are human beings spread out to them}, and the creation of the two people is how beauty and race are created in them. : {And among His signs is that the heavens and the earth shall do His command.

Then the surah moves to show the major sins and that it spoils the religion and the world, and leads to bringing in Allah’s wrath, so he punished them with their actions and what they gain their hands, punishment in the world and the hereafter.

Then the purposes of surah ar rum conclude with an explanation of the volatile conditions of the world, for Allah created people from sperm and humiliating water, then he was a normal human being.

And he provided him with strength from Him – Glory be to Him – that runs through the earth, then the situation moves with him until he is old, gray, and weak, and the same is true in wealth and poverty.

Ignorance and knowledge, and many many are all in the hands of Allah alone. The Almighty said: {Allah who created you from weakness, then he made after a weak power, then he made after the power of the weakness.

surah rum summary

Surah ar-rum was revealed before the emigration when the Roman state was defeated by the Persians, as the two sides fought in an area in the lowest part of the Levant. The pagan magi over the scribes who believe in Allah – the Highest.

It was narrated from Ibn Abbas, Ibn al-Zubayr – may Allah be pleased with them – and others that the entire surah rum quran is Meccan, and it was transmitted from others such as al-Hasan that it is Meccan, except for the words of the Highest.

Surah room is the thirtieth chapter in the arrangement of the Noble Qur’an, and it contains the characteristics of the Meccan Surah from the statement of the prophecy of the Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him.

And his miracles, and the mention of monotheism and the lordship of Allah – the Highest -, and contains manifestations of the blessings of Allah – the Highest – upon His servants by changing their sadness into joy.

There are many scholars’ opinions regarding the number of verses in sourate roum, some of them said that it is sixty verses, and some of them said that it is fifty-nine verses. It is part of the previous verse, and the explanation for that is to come.

In the end, surah rum is a Meccan surah, except for verse 17, which is madni, from the verses, its verses are 60, and its arrangement is in the Qur’an 30, in the twenty-first part, it was revealed after Surah Al-Inshiqaq, it began with broken letters. 613) within a few years.