why was surah at tin revealed? | Top Quran Classes

surah at tin

Surah at tin ( سورة التين ) is a Makki surah, from al-Mufassal, its verses are 8, and its arrangement is in the Qur’an 95, in the thirtieth part.

As for the reason for the revelation of surah al teen, It is said that at tin surah was a statement of Allah’s creation of man in the best way and his preference over the rest of the creatures, as well as the statement of the conclusions of deeds and that there is a reward for deeds and that each individual will be held accountable for what he did in the world and Allah is the most knowledgeable because of the revelation of Surah teen.

Therefore, we will learn about everything related to Surah tin.

what does surah at tin mean?

Surah theen mentions the Resurrection and the Recompense, and as it mentions the creation of man in the best calendar, then their disagreement with the survival of some of them on the first instinct and their exit from it by degeneration to the bottom of the low.

As for olives and figs in Quran, the commentators differed regarding their intentions. Some of them said that they are the two fruits with great nutritional and medicinal properties.

The first said: What is meant by them are two mountains located in the city of Damascus and Bayt al-Maqdis because many messengers and prophets were sent there.

The second said: The name of the two mountains In the figs and olives, it goes back to the presence of fig trees on one of them and olives on the other.

The third said: The figs are a reference to Noah’s Mosque, which was built on top of Jabal al-Judi, and the olives are a reference to Bayt al-Maqdis.

Also, the main truth that Surah at tin presents is the truth of the righteous instinct that Allah created man on, and the integrity of its nature with the nature of faith, and bringing it with him to its destined perfection.

And the decline of man and his downfall when he deviates from the integrity of the instinct and the integrity of the faith. And Allah – Glory be to Him – swears an oath on this fact by figs and olives, and Mount Sinai, and this trusted country, and this oath is as we are accustomed to in many of the surahs of the second part.

surah at tin read online

surah at tin read online
surah at tin read online

what is surah at tin about?

Surah al teen dealt with five main topics or matters, namely:

  • Allah Almighty mentioned the division of the three monotheistic religions with a reference to the places where the heavenly books were revealed “and the figs and the olives” in reference to Jerusalem, the place where Jesus – peace be upon him – was located and received the message of his Lord.

“And Tur Senin” is a reference to Mount At-Tur, which our Master Musa – peace be upon him – called his Lord from above the mountain. And their holiness and greatness because they are the places where the three heavenly books were revealed” the Torah, the Bible, and the Holy Qur’an

  • Allah created man in the best form and image and preferred him over all other creatures by endowing him with reason and distinguishing him with it.
  • The fate of one who turns away from his Lord and prefers disbelief over faith by entering the Fire in the lowest depths of it.
  • The fate of the righteous servants of Allah who feared Him as they should be feared is that they will have an uninterrupted reward in Paradise and a great reward.
  • In the words of Allah – Glory is to Him, the Highest – “Then what will deny you any more about religion, is not Allah the wisest of judges?” Allah addresses the servant who knew the truth and did not sell it, and reminds him that Allah is justice and is the wisest of judges, and to pay attention to the reason for not following the creed after explaining its truth.

where was surah al teen revealed?

At tin surah was revealed in Makkah Al-Mukarrama. It is one of the Makkian Surahs of the Qur’an that was revealed before the migration of the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – according to the opinion of most scholars.

And it is the twenty-eighth chapter in the order of the revelation of the Holy Qur’an. 

why was surah al teen revealed?

In the Holy Qur’an, there are surahs and verses in which there are no reasons for revelation, such as verses that deal with the stories of past nations, the conditions of Paradise and Hell, and the horrors of the Day of Resurrection. 

There is nothing in the Sunnah, nor in any of the books of interpretation and books of Qur’anic sciences, that indicates a reason for the descent of Surah teen in full, except that Scholars have mentioned a reason for the revelation of the fourth and fifth verses of Surah tin.

The reason for the revelation of a verse: ” لقد خلقنا الإنسان في أحسن تقويم” It was revealed about the infidels who denied the resurrection, and this is what Imam al-Qurtubi went to in his interpretation, and there is another saying that saw That this verse was revealed about Al-Waleed bin Al-Mughirah, and another saying that it was revealed in Kaldah bin Usayd

The reason for the revelation of a verse: ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ

 It was reported that the verse was revealed about a group of people in the era of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who had advanced in age until they reached the stage of the most despicable age.

And they lost most of their physical and mental abilities, so the companions asked the Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him He, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him – about their conditions, and this verse was revealed about them.

Moreover, Ibn Jarir narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas – may Allah be pleased with him – in the Almighty’s saying: {Then We returned him to the lowest of the lowly}. He, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, asked the people about them when their minds had become foolish.

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So Allah revealed that to them as an excuse, and he emphasized that they will have a reward for what they did before their minds were lost.

when was surah al teen revealed?

Al tin was revealed after the revelation of Surah Al-Buruj, which had been revealed in the period between the migration to Abyssinia and the incident of Al-Isra and Al-Miraj, and therefore Surah at tin was revealed before the migration.

surah at tin benefits

Surah tin is like other Surahs of the Noble Qur’an. The Muslim will be rewarded for reciting it. 

  • Each letter of it or any of the others is rewarded with ten good deeds. Reading the entire Qur’an is a reward, goodness, benefit, and reward for the Muslim in this world and the hereafter, so the Messenger, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, urged the perseverance in reading the Qur’an and warned against abandoning it.
  • Some hadiths have been received that indicate the status and merit of Surah tin, such as the hadith: “Al-Bara’, may Allah be pleased with him, said: I heard the Prophet, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, recite: Figs and olives at dinner and they did not hear it.”
  • “We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, on a journey and he prayed the last supper for us, and in one of the two rak’ahs he recited “The figs and the olives.”
  • I heard a Bedouin Bedouin man say: I heard Abu Hurayrah narrate him saying: Whoever recites Surah Al-Tin and Al-Zaytoun and recites “Is not Allah the wisest of judges?” Let him say: Yes! And I am among the witnesses to that.”
  • What is mentioned in the specification of Surah al tin-, a specific virtue over other Surahs, such as reading it seven times before bed to relieve anxiety and remove distress and distress, has no basis for it or anything else.
  • It was narrated on the authority of Abu Abdullah – may Allah be pleased with him – that he said: “Whoever recites figs in his obligatory and supererogatory prayers will be given from Paradise where he is pleased, Allah willing.”
  • The Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, said: “Whoever recites Surah theen on a food item, Allah will remove from him the evil of that food, even if it is poison, it will become a cure for him.”
  • It was said on the authority of the Master of the Messengers – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – that he said about the virtue of at tin surah: “Whoever recites this Surah, Allah will write for him an incalculable reward, as if he received Muhammad – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – while he was distressed, so Allah relieved him.”


why the surah was named at tin?

Surah tin was named by this name in relation to the word with which the surah opened, as Allah Almighty swore by the fig, but there is a dispute about including the letter “waw” with the name. 

Some of the commentators have the name: Surah theen without the Waw Section, by analogy with the naming of Surat Al-Baqarah. The commentators differed about the meaning of the fig by which Allah Almighty swore.

Some scholars saw that it is a well-known fruit, and some of them said that figs and olives are two mountains in Damascus and Jerusalem, and this was narrated Saying about Qatada

what is the main theme of surah at tin?

The reader of the verses of Surah at tin and the contemplator on their meanings and explanation, realize that these precise verses came for great goals and purposes, and they are as follows:

  • Allah Almighty swore to the goodness of his creation of man in the best form and the best form. Explanation of the infidels’ return to Hellfire on the Day of Resurrection, and their recompense for what they lied in this world’s life.
  • Explanation of the reward of the believers, and the great reward that will entail for them in the Hereafter. Explanation of the wisdom of Allah – the Highest – and his uniqueness in that from all creation, God – the Highest – said: (Is not Allah the wisest of judges).
  • Proving that the religion of Islam is a religion that fits and suits nature, and reprimanding everyone who abandons it and does not believe in it
  • Reminding the believers of some of the blessings of Allah – the Highest – upon them in the life of this world, by mentioning the fruits of figs and olives, which are among the basic foods that no human being can dispense with, and that these two trees are a door to sustenance and great good for people, and the blessing prevails on their owners, and they have benefits A lot for a human being.

is surah al teen makki or madani

Olives and figs in Quran or surah al teen are Makkain, as it was revealed to the Messenger, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, in Makkah Al-Mukarramah before the Prophet’s migration.

In which para is surah at tin?

At tin surah is located in the thirtieth and last part.

how to memorize surah at tin?

Dear Muslim, you can master the memorization of Surah teen through the use of a mind map, as it is the best and best solution, so you can follow the following steps:

  • From verses 1-4: The oath by the holy places in which the revelation was revealed.
  • From verse 5-8: The reward of a person if he does not thank his Lord, and he excludes the believers from that, and then he turns to reprimand the infidels.

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Hadith on surah at tin

The Sunnah has recorded many hadiths about the virtues of olives and figs in Quran / Surah teen, including the following:

The first hadith

  • : It was reported in Sahih Al-Bukhari, on the authority of Al-Bara’ Ibn Azib, who said, I heard the Prophet, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, recite at dinner: Figs and olives, and I did not hear anyone with a better voice or sound.

The second hadith

  • It was reported in Sahih Al-Bukhari under the authority of Al-Bara bin Azib who said that the Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him, was on a journey and recited the evening prayer in one of the two rak’ahs: with figs and olives.

surah al teen tafseer

Surah at tin included various topics between warning and preaching, so let’s get acquainted with the interpretation of the contents of the verses of Surah tin:

  • Tafseer of the first verse: Allah Almighty swears by some of His creatures to draw attention to their virtues or to indicate their misfortunes and places of existence, and Allah also swears by the olive because it is a fruit, a substance, and a medicine.
  • Tafseer of the second verse: And Mount Sinai

It is the mountain on which Allah spoke to Musa bin Imran, peace be upon him.

  • Tafseer of the third verse: What is meant by the honest city is that it is Mecca Al-Mukarramah, and it is trustworthy in the sense of security, where a person is secure with himself, his money, and his honor, for aggression has been forbidden in it, even if a person finds the murderer of his father in Mecca, it is not permissible for him to kill him.
  • Tafseer of the fourth verse: We have created man in the best form and meaning of modification and correction.
  • Tafseer of the fifth verse: We created man in the best of character, sensory and moral, but he was not thankful for this blessing, and he did not perceive this virtue, so we saw him disbelieve by the grace of Allah over him, and prostrate to idols 

preferring his whims, and following his whims, and preferring amusement, alcohol, blasphemy, and hostility to the Messengers, so he deserves To be one of the people of Hellfire, and to be among the ugliest of his character, of the lowest degree, because of his disbelief and stubbornness, then by entering Hell, and his fate is miserable.

  • Tafseer of the sixth verse: that is, the unbeliever and the sinner will be sent back to the lowest of the lowly in Hell, but those who believe and do righteous deeds will have the reward of their deeds undiminished in the Hereafter.
  • Tafseer of the seventh verse: What makes you, O disbelieving, ungrateful human being, denying the Day of Judgment, Resurrection, Resurrection, and Recompense, after I have presented you with these evidence of My ability?
  • Tafseer of the eighth verse: Is not the One who created perfects, ordained and guided, created man in the best alignment, created the universe, and created everything and ordained it in predestination?

surah at tin mp3

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surah at tin in English

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

  1. By the Fig and the Olive,
  2. And the Mount of Sinai,
  3. And this City of security,-
  4. We have indeed created man in the best of molds,
  5. Then do We abase him (to be) the lowest of the low,-
  6. Except such as believe and do righteous deeds: For they shall have a reward unfailing.
  7. Then what can, after this, contradict thee, as to the judgment (to come)?
  8. Is not Allah the wisest of judges?

surah at tin in roman English

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

  1. Wat teeni waz zaitoon
  2. Wa toori sineen
  3. Wa haazal balad-il ameen
  4. Laqad khalaqnal insaana fee ahsani taqweem
  5. Thumma ra dad naahu asfala saafileen
  6. Ill-lal lazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati; falahum ajrun ghairu mamnoon
  7. Fama yu kaz zibuka b’adu bid deen
  8. Alai sal laahu bi-ahkamil haakimeen

surah at tin in arabic

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
1. وَالتِّينِ وَالزَّيْتُونِ
2. وَطُورِ سِينِينَ
3. وَهَٰذَا الْبَلَدِ الْأَمِينِ
4. لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنْسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ
5. ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ
6. إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ
7. فَمَا يُكَذِّبُكَ بَعْدُ بِالدِّينِ
8. أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ

To summarise,

Surah at tin is a great surah like the rest of the Holy Qur’an. surah al teen is a Meccan surah that discusses Meccan issues. Where the focus was on the creations of Allah Almighty; It was also reminded of the power of Allah – the Almighty – over His creation, the Last Day, and the fate of people.

The surah teen began with the oath; So Allah Almighty swore to the holy places, which are the countries in which revelation was revealed to the prophets with the heavenly books; Badi’ was made by Allah Almighty.