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why was surah mumtahina revealed? | Top Quran Classes

surah mumtahina

The surah mumtahina revealed as, the group of interpreters came from Mecca to Medina and needed a strong need, and Bani AbdulMutallab urged her to dress her up, carry her and give her, and hattab ibn Abi Balta’ah came and wrote with her to the people of Mecca and gave her ten dinars to reach the people of Mecca.

He wrote in the book “From hattab to the people of Mecca that the Messenger of Allah wants you to take your caution” so Sara came out, and Jibril came down, and they were all knights and said to them: Go until you come to the kindergarten khakh.

There is a book with it from hat to the polytheists take him from it, and leave her, if she does not pay him to you, then hit her neck, so they came out until they realized her in that place, so they told her where the book is? She turned to Allah, she had no book.

They searched her belongings and did not find a book with her, so they understood by returning, and he said: I swear to Allah, we did not lie, nor did we lie and his sword was removed, and he said: Take out the book or Allah will give you a carrot and strike your neck. When she saw the grandfather, she took him out of her wolves and hid it in her hair.

So they took her path, and they returned the book to the Messenger of Allah, and he sent the Messenger of Allah to a wood, and he said, “Do you know the Book?” He said, “Yes.

He said, “What got you to do with what you made?” He said: O Messenger of Allah, I have not disbelieved since I Islamized and have not cheated you since I advised you, and I have not loved them since they left, but none of the immigrants except him in Meka prevented his clan.

And I was a stranger to them, and my family was among them, so I feared for my family, so I wanted to take a hand with them.

I knew that Allah would come down to them with sorrow, and my book does not spare them anything, so the Messenger of Allah believed him and excused him, so I dropped this surah, O those who believed, do not take my enemy and your enemy as saints,’, and Omar ibn al-Khattab said: 

O Messenger of Allah, let me strike the neck of this hypocrite. The Messenger of Allah said: And what do you know, Omar, may Allah have seen the people of Badr and said to them: “Do whatever you want, I have forgiven you.”

As for Abdullah bin Zubair about his father, he said that the daughter of Al-Azi bin Abdul Assaad of Bani Malik bin Hassel gave her daughter Asmaa the daughter of Abu Bakr with gifts of fog, cat, and fat while she was engaged.

So Asmaa decided to accept her gift and enter her house, so she asked Aisha the Prophet peace be upon him, and Allah almighty dropped you off from those who did not fight you in religion.

where was surah mumtahina revealed?

Surah al mumtahina was revealed in Medina.

what is surah mumtahina about?

The verses of surah mumtahanah begin with:

  • reference to the conquest of Mecca and to what Hattab ibn Abi Plath did when he sent to tell the polytheists about the secrets of Muslims when they wanted to go out to open Mecca.

But Allah revealed him and the Prophet arrested him, he said: “O you. Those who believe do not take my enemy and your enemy as saints, to whom you receive affection.

And they have disbelieved in what you have come from the truth, to bring out the Prophet and to you to believe in Allah, your Lord if you have come out as jihad for me and for the sake of my patients.

You will be pleased with them. With affection, I know what you have hidden, what you have announced, and who is doing it, both of which have lost their way.”

  • Speaking about Our Lord Abraham and his followers when they disowned their infidel people, and then the surah al mumtahanah showed that the anti-Muslims to the infidels and the enemies of Allah, especially in the case of aggression and fighting.

He said: “Allah does not end you from those who did not fight you in religion and did not get you out of your homes to disown them and tell them that Allah they love the divided.”

  • The verses of surah e mumtahina then showed some of the rules to be followed in the treatment of migrant women from the homes of disbelief to the homes of faith, such as being tested to prove their faith.

And if their faith is established, they may not be returned to the homes of disbelief, and they must differentiate between the believer and her infidel husband and pay the dowry to him.

  • Muslims can marry these immigrant women if they give them their dowry, he said: “O those who believe if the believers come to you are immigrants, then test them. Alim Hakim

when was surah mumtahina revealed?

Surah e mumtahina was revealed after Surah Al-Ahzab.

why the surah was named Al-Mumtahanah?

It was called by Al-Mumtahanah because of what was mentioned in it that believing women must be tested at the time of migration and not be returned to the infidels if their faith is proven. 

It is also called “exam” and “affection”. Al-Suyuti said: (Ibn Hajar said: What is known about this label is that it is Fattah al-Ha’, and it may be broken. 

On the first: it is the description of the woman because of whom the surah was revealed, and on the second: it is the description of the surah as it was said: for the innocence of the scandalous one. Surat Al-Examination and Surat Al-Mawaddah.

what is the main theme of surah al mumtahina?

Allah has revealed the verses of the Holy Quran to his servants with many goals, benefits, and meanings, and some of the purposes of surah mumtahina:

1- The believer must act according to the Islamic approach and according to the directives, orders, and intentions of Allah.

2- Every Muslim must build his social relations on the principle of faith, regardless of color, gender, race, wealth, and poverty, all people are equal.

And what distinguishes them from each other is faith only in Allah. Science and action are what distinguish man from others and elevate him to status.

3- Loyalty to the Islamic religion and working for Islam, every Muslim should advise Muslims and provide his experiences and assistance to Muslims.

And stay away from going into friendly and loving relationships with infidels, and no problem in working relations, which is commensurate with Talha’s story.

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4- A Muslim who is jealous of his religion looks forward to showing all that is good and good to Muslims so that a good image is reflected among the disbelievers and their love of the Islamic religion.

5- Allah ordered us to accompany the believers and leave the disbelievers, the Messenger of Allah said: [You only accompany a believer, and your food is eaten only by pious

6- Nor is there obedience to a creature in the sin of Allah Almighty, the assumption of Allah almighty above all else.

7- Al-Bekaai said: It is intended to be innocent of those who have acknowledged the faith of the infidels as a sign of the validity of their claims.

And the infidels disowned the believers and lied about what they came from the truth so that the infidels would not be more careful than the believers on their right.

8- Then Allah showed that the infidels are two types: one that shows enmity and fights believers and a peaceful kind, because the first type is not permissible for believers to be rewarded or to support them and improve them, but must be hostile to them as they return believers. 

The second category of infidels is the peaceful ones, and those whom Allah said about them do not end with those who did not fight you in religion and did not get you out of your homes to disown them and divide them.

I mean, for those who are not infidels who show hostility and have not shown us evil, it is permissible for us to improve them and treat them with goodwill.

9- One of the most important purposes of surah al mumtahina

is not to approach the infidels and not to take them as guardians for whatever reason, and this was mentioned in the first verses of The Sura al-Ma’ath.

Where the Sahabi Hattab ibn Abi Balta’ah sent a book to Quraysh with a woman to tell him what the Prophet intended to do, but Allah revealed his betrayal to the Prophet and arrested him.

10-  Al-Mumtahanah tells Muslims that hostility appears only to the polytheists and infidels if they attack and fight Muslims, but if they do not fight, they can be dealt with without enmity.

11- One of the purposes of surah mumtahanah is that believers must disown the infidels and polytheists, as our Master Ibrahim and his people disowned the infidels, enemies of Allah.

surah mumtahina read online

surah mumtahina read online
surah mumtahina read online

is surah al mumtahina makki or madani

Surah al mumtahanah is one of the medina surahs, according to the consensus of the people of interpretation.

In which para is surah al mumtahina?

Surah e mumtahina is located in the third and fourth quarters of the fifty-fifth party of the twenty-eighth part, and its arrangement is sixty according to the Ottoman Qur’an, its number of verses is 13 verses.

how to memorize surah al mumtahina

The best way to memorize surah mumtahina is by dividing the surah into a mental map, as this method helps you to master the memorization of the surah well, so let’s get acquainted with the mental map of surah al mumtahina

  • From verse 1 to verse 3: the prohibition of allegiance to the infidels and their truth. 
  • From verse 4 to verse 7: The role model in belief is Abraham, peace be upon him. 
  • From verse 8 to verse 9: Provisions for the relationship of Muslims with the infidels. 
  • From verse 10 to verse 12: the rulings of immigrant women and their sales. 
  • Verse 13: Confirmation of the prohibition of allegiance to the infidels.

surah mumtahina benefits

Surah mumtahanah, like many of the chapters of the Noble Qur’an, did not have hadiths specific to the surah in its merits, such as:

1-  the hadith narrated by Ubai bin Ka’b that the Messenger of Allah – may Allah bless him and grant him peace — said: “Whoever recites surah al mumtahanah is The believing men and believing women will have an intercessor on the Day of Resurrection.” 

2- The merit of surah e mumtahina is like the superiority of the rest of the surahs of the Noble Qur’an. 

3- In reciting Al-Mumtahanah, as in reciting the entire Qur’an, the Muslim receives a great reward and a great virtue that only Allah knows. 

4- As it was mentioned in the honorable hadith narrated by Abdullah bin Masoud that the Messenger of Allah – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – said: 

“Whoever recites a letter from the Book of Allah has a good deed for it, and a good deed is ten like it. , and a meme letter.”

5- And the merit of Al-Mumtahanah is also in working with the rulings and commands it came with that Allah Almighty wrote for His Muslim servants in His Noble Book. There is no lesson in reading without action.

surah mumtahina tafseer

The surah mumtahina has dealt with a lot of topics, which we will explain by explaining the holy surah:

1- O those who believe in Allah and do what he has prescribed to them, do not take my enemies and enemies as guardians of their disciples and clubs, and they have disbelieved in what your Messenger has come to you from religion.

They take the Messenger out of his house, and they will take you out of your homes in Your Home. Do not do so if you go out for jihad for me, and in order to ask my patients, you will tell them to tell Muslims affection for them, and I know what you have hidden from it. 

What you have declared, none of this or anyone else, and those who do such loyalty and material to the infidels have deviated from the middle of the road, straying from the right and the right side.

2- If they win you, they show the animosity they hold in their hearts, give their hands to you by hurting and beating you, and release their tongues by cursing and cursing, and wishing that they would disbelieve Allah and his Messenger to be like them.

3- Your relatives, nor your children, will not benefit you if the infidels are orphaned for them, on the Day of Resurrection, Allah divides you, and the people of Paradise enter Paradise from you.

And the people of fire will not benefit each other, and Allah does not benefit each other, and Allah what you are doing is happening, god knows nothing of your work, and he will reward you for it.

4- You believers were a good example in Abraham and the believers who were with him, when they told their infidel people: We are innocent of you and you worship without Allah from idols, we disbelieved in your religion.

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And animosity and hatred emerged between us and you so that you could believe in Allah alone, and you should have disowned him from your infidel people like them.

Except for Abraham’s saying peace be upon him to his father: To ask for forgiveness from Allah, do not despair about him, because this was before Abraham’s despair from his father, it is not for a believer to ask forgiveness for your partner.

And I am not motivated by Allah’s torment, our Lord has relied on all our things, and here we are, we are repentant, and here is the reference on the Day of Resurrection.

5- Our Lord does not make us fitna for those who disbelieve in taking over us and say: If they were right, we would not have given them our sins, and our Lord has forgiven us for our sins, you are the dear one who does not prevail, the wise in your creation, your law and your destiny.

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Hadith on surah al mumtahina

Among the hadiths in Sahih Al-Bukhari about surah al mumtahina

Al-Bukhari said: Al-Humaidi told us, Sufyan told us, Amr bin Dinar told us, he said: Al-Hassan bin Muhammad bin Ali told me that he heard Ubaidullah bin Abi Rafi’, Ali’s clerk says: I heard Ali – may Allah be pleased with him – says: 

The Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – sent me Al-Zubayr and Al-Miqdad and I said: Go until you come to Rawdat Khakh, for there is a container with it with a book, so take it from it. 

So we went, and our horses feuded with us until we came to the kindergarten, and when we were in Al-Dha’inah, we said: Take out the book. She said: I do not have a book, so we said: You must take out the book or throw the clothes. 

So she took him out of her hindrance, and we brought him to the Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – and found in it: From Hatib bin Abi Balta’ah to some of the polytheists from Makkah telling them.

About some of the Prophet’s commands – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him -. The Prophet – may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him – said: “What is this, O Hatib?” He said: Do not rush to me, O Messenger of Allah, for I was a woman of the Quraysh and I was not of themselves.

And those with you from the Emigrants had relatives with which to protect their families and their money in Mecca, so I loved when I missed the lineage among them that I made them a hand to protect my kinship.

And I did not do that out of disbelief or apostasy from my religion. The Prophet – may Allah bless him and grant him peace – said: He has spoken the truth. Omar said: Leave me, O Messenger of Allah, and I will strike his neck. 

He said: “He witnessed Badr, and you don’t know. Perhaps Allah Almighty looked at the people of Badr and said: Do whatever you want, for I have forgiven you.” Amr said: And it was revealed in it: (O you who believe, do not take my enemy and your enemy as allies) He said: I do not know.

surah mumtahina dua 

A dua came to our master Ibrahim in surah mumtahanah, verse 5, which is: 

“Our Lord, make us not a trial for those who disbelieve and forgive us. Likewise in verse 4 of Surah al-Mumtahinah, which is: “Our Lord, on You we rely upon, and to You, we repent, and here is our destiny.”

 رَبَّنَا لَا تَجْعَلْنَا فِتْنَةً لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا رَبَّنَا ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

surah mumtahina summary

Surah mumtahina a Madani surah, located in the twenty-eighth part of the Holy Qur’an, and surah al mumtahina is the 60th chapter in the order of the Quran, and its verses are thirteen. 

Surah mumtahanah was revealed after Surah Al-Ahzab, and among its names; exam and affection; And that is because of the presence of the word “examine them” in it, and Surat Al-Mawadda because of the words of Allah Almighty: {You will treat them with affection}. 

It was called by Al-Mumtahanah because of the necessity of examining believing women when attacked and not turning them back to the infidels if their faith is proven. 

Surah al mumtahanah also revealed the defects of the hypocrites, as this surah was revealed after the Treaty of Hudaybiyah in the sixth year of migration. 

Such as the rulings of the polytheists, who did not fight the Muslims, and the examination of the believing women who immigrated to Medina. 

At the end of our article, we will have clarified the reason for the revelation of surah e mumtahina, which is one of the important Quranic Surahs in the field of legislation, and it is a Madani Surah for which there was more than one reason for its revelation.