why was surah taghabun revealed? | Top Quran Classes

surah taghabun

why was surah taghabun revealed? surah taghabun (Arabic : سورة التغابن ) written Surah at-tagabun is one of the shortest surahs, with only eighteen verses, and despite its shortness, its topics are varied, and the reason for the revelation of Surah taghabun is that if a man embraced Islam and wanted to emigrate, his family and son would prevent him from that, and they would say to him: “We ask you, Allah, to go and leave your family and clan and become to Medina without family or money.” So, Allah Almighty revealed this verse: “Verily among your wives and children is an enemy.” Among the reasons for its revelation is also that some people wanted to go out for jihad in the cause of Allah, but their children and wives prevented them from doing so, and the command to pardon and pardon, which is the saying of the Highest:

“وَإِنْ تَعْفُوا وَتَصْفَحُوا وَتَغْفِرُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ”

What does surah Taghabun mean?

Surah tagabun begins, like the rest of the surahs Al-Masabaha, by praising Allah – the Mighty and Majestic – and glorifying and glorifying Him.

And the formula of glorification came with the present tense glorify, which indicates the greatness of Allah Almighty and suggests the continuity and permanence of this great action, the Almighty said: {All that is in the heavens and on the earth glorify Allah.

Among the purposes of Sura taghabun is also to warn the unbelievers and polytheists against their persistence in tyranny, disbelief, and transgression, and to mention how was the end of the previous nations that disbelieved and deviated from the right path, and how Allah made them taste a painful punishment. And for them is a painful torment) and confirms that Allah made them an example to the worlds – the Blessed and Exalted be He.

One of the purposes of Surah al taghabun is also that it refers to the infidels’ denial of the Day of Judgment and Resurrection, and they deny that Allah Almighty will gather all creatures to Him on the Day of Judgment.

{That is because their messengers used to come to them with clear arguments, and they said, “Good news! Those who disbelieve are claiming that they will not be sent, say, and my Lord, so that you will be sent, then you will predict what you have done.

 Another purpose of Surah taqabun is that it emphasizes that everything that afflicts a person would not have befallen him had it not been for the will of Allah Almighty, and all of that is by His decree and decree.

Then it warns the believers against the trial of money and children against one’s religion and faith, the Almighty said: {Your money and your children are but a trial, and Allah has a great reward.}

And conclude the purposes of Sura e taghabun with a talk about piety, the Almighty said: {So fear Allah as much as you are able, and listen and obey, and spend for yourselves for the good of yourselves, and sanctify them.

It urges Muslims to spend money on all kinds of goodness and charity, seeking the pleasure and pardon of Allah Almighty.

surah taghabun read online

surah taghabun read online
surah taghabun read online

where was surah taghabun revealed?

Surah 64 / Surah at-tagabun was revealed after Surah Al-Tahrim, and a dispute occurred over its revelation, as Surah taghabun is considered one of the median surahs for the public, and it is also considered one of the Makkian surahs, according to what was narrated by Al-Dahhak bin Muzahim.

While al-Kalbi stated that it is from the Medinan and Makkian surahs, Imam al-Bayhaqi brought out in his book al-Dala’il on the authority of Ibn Abbas: that it is from the Medinan surahs.

And it was said that it is Makkian except for the last of it, so it is a Madani, in addition to the fact that the majority of commentators believed that it is Makkian, based on the reason for the revelation of some of its verses.

As it was revealed about the one who embraced Islam in Makkah and his family and children refused his emigration, so he remained with them, as it was said that it was a median surah because of its revelation after Surat Al-Jumu’ah and before Surat Al-Saff.

when was surah taghabun revealed?

Surah tagabun was revealed before Surah Al-Saff, and after Surat Al-Jumu’ah.

what is the main theme of surah taghabun?

Sura taghabun dealt with many topics and explained to them as follows:

  • In it, it is stated that Allah – the Highest – glorifies Him and purifies Him from the shortcomings of the heavens and the earth and that He is the only one deserving of praise; Because he is the Creator – Glory be to Him.
  • Surah al taghabun deals with the types of people in terms of their division into believers and unbelievers, and it is a warning against disbelief in the Creator, and in denial of the message of the Prophet – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him.
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And it is an invitation to reflect on the previous nations and what happened to them when they belied the messengers and the verses, as it contains a statement that things do not proceed except according to What Allah Almighty requires.

  • As mentioned in Surah taqabun, the reasons for salvation in the Hereafter are only by believing in Allah Almighty alone, believing in His Messenger and the Book that He brought, along with belief in the Resurrection.
  • Surah e taghabun clarifies the affirmation of Allah – the Highest – to His faithful servants, despite the harm they suffered from the unbelievers; This is because of their faith and trust in their Lord.
  • Warning the unbelievers and hypocrites of punishment in this world and the hereafter, while calling them to believe in Allah – the Highest – and His Messengers.
  • With the mention of Allah – the Highest – at its beginning that he is the only one concerned with kingship and praise, so Allah – the Highest – began it by saying: (Glorifies Allah whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. To Him belongs the kingdom and the omnipotence of all things).
  • It was mentioned in the surah as the Day of At-Teghabun. It is the Day of Resurrection, and people are divided according to their deeds, some of them will be from the people of Paradise and some will be from the people of Hell, as you mentioned the importance of obeying Allah – the Highest – and His Messenger, and the danger of opposing them.
  • At the end of the surah, the enemies of man in his life were clarified, and it urged the man to be close to his Lord so that he would be safe from it.

is surah taghabun makki or madani?

Scholars have various opinions regarding the revelation of surah 64/ Surah at-tagabun, so Ibn Abbas and Ibn Al-Zubayr – may Allah be pleased with them both – mentioned that it was revealed in Medina.

And on the authority of Al-Nahhas on the authority of Ibn Abbas: It was revealed in Makkah except for the last of it in Medina in the companion Awf bin Malik Al-Ashja’i – may Allah be pleased with him About him – when he complained of the estrangement of his family and children to the Prophet – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him -.

The revelation of Surah taghabun was after Surah Al-Tahrim, and Al-Baydawi mentioned that there was a dispute regarding its revelation, so most of the people said that it is from the Medinan surahs, and Al-Dahhak mentioned that it is Makkian, and it came from Al-Kalbi: It is a Makkian and Medinan surah.

Imam al-Bayhaqi in his book al-Dala’il on the authority of Ibn Abbas: It is one of the Medinan surahs, and it was said that it is Meccan except for the last of it, as it is Medinan. The majority of commentators are of the view that it was Makkian based on the reason for the revelation of some of its verses.

As it was revealed to those who embraced Islam in Makkah and his family and children refused to emigrate to him; So he stayed with them, and it was said: She is a civilian. Because it was revealed after Surah Al-Jumu’ah and before Surah Al-Saff.

surah taghabun benefits

Surah al taghabun has a great merit, and many texts have been mentioned about the virtue of this surah:

  • Sura taghabun is one of the seven “glorifying” surahs, which are: Al-Isra, Al-Hadid, Al-Hashr, Al-Saff, Al-jumaa, Al-Taghabun, and Al-A’la, because it began with the present tense “glorifying” in praise and glorification of Allah- Glory be to Him. 

Narrated by Al-Irbad bin Sariyah: “The Prophet – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – used to recite the rosaries before he fell asleep, and he said: There is a verse in them that is better than a thousand verses.”

  • Also, the virtue of Surah taqabun is like other Surahs of the Noble Qur’an, in its recitation as in the recitation of the entire Qur’an for the Muslim there is a great reward and great merit, as stated in the hadith in which the Messenger of Allah – may Allah prayers and peace be upon him – said:
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 “Whoever recites a letter from the Book of Allah has it for him.” A good deed and a good deed is ten like it, and I do not say “Palm ” is a letter, but Alif is a letter, and Laam is a letter, and Mim is a letter.

  • One of the spiritual benefits of Sura e taghabun is that whoever fears an unjust ruler or that someone will enter upon him and harm him, let him recite the surah, for it protects him from his evil by the grace of Allah Almighty.
  • It was mentioned on the authority of Abi Abdullah, peace be upon him, he said: “Whoever recites Surah al taghabun in an obligatory act, it will intercede for him on the Day of Resurrection, and a just witness to the one whose testimony is permissible, then it will not depart from him until he enters Paradise.”
  • It was narrated on the authority of the Prophet, may Allah’s prayers and peace be upon him and his family, that he said: “Whoever recites this surah, Allah will ward off sudden death from him, and whoever recites it and enters upon a sultan who fears his might, Allah will suffice him from his evil.”

In which para is surah al taghabun?

Surah 64 /Sura e taghabun is located in the twenty-eighth part, and its verses are 18.

how to memorize surah taghabun?

The best way to master the memorization of Surah tagabun is through a mental map, which is as follows:

  • From verses 1-4: Allah power and knowledge.
  • From verses 5-6: Denying the Messengers.
  • From verses 7-8: Their denial of the Resurrection.
  • From verses 9-10: The Day of At-Taghabun.
  • From verses 11-18: the path of salvation.

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 related question 

What is meant by the day of Taghabun?

Surah at-tagabun is named after the word Al-Taghabun in the Almighty’s verse: “The day it gathers you together on the Day of Jumu`ah ۖ That is the Day of At-Takabin”, The term Al-Taghabun is not mentioned in any Surah of the Noble Qur’an except in this Surah.

And accordingly, the Companions gave it this name, striving to distinguish it from other Surahs of the Noble Qur’an, which is the case of naming all the Suras of the Noble Qur’an.

To summarise, Surah taghabun has great merit and a great impact on its reader, as Surah al taghabun contains many meanings and purposes, as mentioned in the merit of Sura e taghabun some texts that were narrated from the Messenger, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, and there was a dispute between the imams and scholars about the Makkian or Medina of Sura taghabun.