The Seerah of Prophet Muhammad or Al-Seerat an-Nabawiyyah is (Arabic: السيرة النبوية, romanized: al-Sīrah an-Nabawiyyah), commonly shortened to Seerah, and translated as prophetic biography, are the traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad from which, in addition to the Quran and trustable Hadiths, most historical information about his life and the early period of Islam is derived.
Ibn Ishaq’s sīrat rasūl allāh has been preserved in the form of an edited copy of his oral reports collected by one of his students, al-Bakka’i, which were further edited by ibn Hisham.
In the Arabic language the word sīra or sīrat (Arabic: سيرة) comes from the verb sāra, which means to travel or to be on a journey. A person’s sīra is that person’s journey through life, or biography, encompassing their birth, events in their life, manners and characteristics, and their death. In modern usage it may also refer to a person’s resume. It is sometimes written as “seera”, “sirah” or “sirat”, all meaning “life” or “journey”. In Islamic literature, the plural form, siyar, could also refer to the rules of war and dealing with non-Muslims.
The phrase sīrat rasūl allāh, or al-sīra al-nabawiyya, refers to the study of the life of Muhammad. The term sīra was first linked to the biography of Muhammad by Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri, and later popularized by the work of Ibn Hisham. In the first two centuries of Islamic history, sīra was more commonly known as maghāzī (literally, stories of military expeditions), which is now considered to be only a subset of sīra