What are the pillars of Islam? Islam has five pillars that cannot be established without them, and a person’s Islam is not valid unless he submits to these five pillars, and the explanation of these five pillars came in the hadith of Ibn Omar – may Allah be pleased with him – where he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, say: Islam is built on five, Testifying that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, establishing prayer, giving zakat, pilgrimage to the House, and fasting Ramadan.
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The five pillars of Islam
- Testimony that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
- Establishing prayer.
- Paying the zakat.
- Fasting of Ramadan.
- Pilgrimage to the House of those who were able to way.
What are the pillars of Islam?
In the following lines, we will mention the pillars of Islam:
Shahada (testimony that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)
- And martyrdom is the first and most important of the pillars, as it is the key by which a person enters the circle of Islam.
- As for the first part of it, “There is no god but Allah,” it means that a person speaks with his tongue.
- At the same time, he acknowledges in his heart that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah and upon Him, the Muslim relies.
- The testimony also requires that a person believes that there is no creator of this universe but Allah alone without a partner, and there is no second or third deity to be worshiped with him.
- As for the testimony that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, it means that you believe that the Prophet is sent as a mercy to the world.
- It is a herald of good tidings and a warning to all of creation, and it believes that its law abrogates the religions that preceded it.
- It also requires that a person takes from the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad.
- May Allah blesses him and grants him peace, what he commanded to be taken and abstain from what he forbade.
- And prayer is considered to be the link between the servant and his Lord.
- It has a great place in Islam.
- Islam considers prayer to be the first thing that a person will be held accountable for on the Day of Resurrection.
- Likewise, it is the distinguishing mark between a Muslim and an infidel.
- This is evidenced by what came in the hadith of Jaber, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet, may Allah prayers and peace be upon him, said: “Between a man and polytheism and infidelity is leaving prayer” (Narrated by Muslim).
- And the Muslims have imposed five daily prayers (Fajr, Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, and Isha) and others are voluntary.
- It is obligatory for every Muslim to perform his prayers at their appointed time and in the manner that the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, taught us.
Zakat (giving zakat)
- Giving zakat is financial worship that Allah Almighty imposed on His servants, to purify their souls from miserliness and their sheets of sins.
- And Allah Almighty has said in his book: “Take from their wealth a charity that purifies them and purifies them with it” (al-Tawbah: 103).
- And Allah has imposed on Muslims two zakat, Zakat al-Fitr, which is paid after the month of Ramadan.
- And Zakat on money, which is 2.5% of the money saved annually and over which one year.
- Has passed (that is, the money is owed for a whole year without changing its amount).
- Zakat is paid to the needy poor and this obligation is dropped from the destitute people who have nothing.
- Islam did not leave the Muslims the freedom to dispose of this deducted amount.
- But rather specified it in eight paths, one of which a Muslim can choose to spend zakat.
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Fasting (fasting of Ramadan)
- As for fasting, it is fasting the month of Ramadan.
- Ramadan is considered a great season in which acts of worship abound.
- It is a blessed month in which mercy descends, and the servant renews his covenant with Allah and draws closer to Him through acts of worship.
- Fasting in Ramadan has several virtues.
- Allah Almighty has guaranteed for those who fasted it out of faith and in anticipation of forgiveness for their past sins and other virtues.
- A reward for those who fasted it out of faith in Allah and in anticipation of the reward.
- And the Muslim fasts from food and drink and abstains from idle talk, gossip, marital intercourse, and every bad deed from sunrise (that is, from the dawn prayer) to its sunset (the sunset prayer).
- He spends all his day in worship, remembrance, recitation of the Quran, and science lessons that give him a supply of faith that suffices him for the rest of the year.
- This imposition is waived for someone who is unable to fast.
- Such as a disease that compels him to take medicine, or a stomach ulcer patient who is unable to cope with an empty stomach from eating and drinking.
Hajj (Pilgrimage to the House for those who are able to do so)
- The pilgrimage is to visit the Grand Mosque in Mecca and perform the Hajj.
- Allah has made this obligation upon every adult Muslim who is able to bear the costs of Hajj.
- Allah Almighty says: “And to Allah is the pilgrimage of the House for the people, whoever is able to make a way to it” (Al Imran: 97).
- Allah has imposed Hajj to purify souls, and to educate them on the meanings of servitude, obedience and patience.
- In addition, it is a great opportunity to expiate sins.
- It came in the hadith: “He who performs Hajj to this House and does not obscene or immoral, returns as the day his mother gave birth to him” (Bukhari and Muslim).
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What is common to the pillars of Islam?
- The pillars of Islam have in common that performing them is one of the signs of faith.
- That they are acts of worship in which devotion is required to Allah Almighty alone, who has no partner.
What is the difference between the pillars of Islam and the pillars of faith?
- We mentioned in our topic this about the pillars of Islam, as for the six pillars of faith, which are: Belief in Allah and His Angels, His Books, His Messengers.
- The Last Day, and belief in predestination, both good and evil.
- The difference between both the pillars of Islam.
- The pillars of faith are that the pillars of Islam are visible actions that the limbs perform, such as prayer, zakat, fasting, and Hajj.
- As for the pillars of faith: they are inward actions whose place is in the heart, such as belief in Allah.
- His angels, His books, His messengers, the Last Day, and belief in predestination, both good and evil.
- And Allah mentioned in his dear book that he is a Muslim and not a believer.
- The Almighty said: [The Bedouins said, “We believe.” Say, “You have not believed.” But say, “We have submitted.”